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 الماضي التام المستمر Past Perfect Continuous

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عدد الرسائل: 178
تاريخ التسجيل: 19/12/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: الماضي التام المستمر Past Perfect Continuous    الثلاثاء 26 أكتوبر 2010, 9:03 am

Past Perfect Continuous
FORM

had been + present participle
هاد بين مع الفعل و ing

Examples:

* You had been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived.
* Had you been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived?
* You had not been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived.


Positive
* I had been listening.
* You had been listening.
* We had been listening.
* They had been listening.
* He had been listening.
* She had been listening.
* It had been listening.


Negative
* I had not been listening.
* You had not been listening.
* We had not been listening.
* They had not been listening.
* He had not been listening.
* She had not been listening.
* It had not been listening.


Question
* Had I been listening?
* Had you been listening?
* Had we been listening?
* Had they been listening?
* Had he been listening?
* Had she been listening?
* Had it been listening?


الإستخدامات

الإستخدام الأول لتوضيح مدة شيء حدث في الماضي
USE 1 Duration Before Something in the Past



We use the Past Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. "For five minutes" and "for two weeks" are both durations which can be used with the Past Perfect Continuous. Notice that this is related to the Present Perfect Continuous; however, the duration does not continue until now, it stops before something else in the past.
نستخدم الماضي التام المستمر لإظهار أن شيئا ما بدأ في الماضي واستمر حتى وقت آخر في الماضي. "لمدة خمس دقائق" و "لمدة اسبوعين" على حد سواء فترات التي يمكن استخدامها مع الماضي التام المستمر. لاحظ أن هذا متعلق بالحاضر المستمر التام ، إلا أن مدة الحدث لا تزال مستمرة حتى تم إيقافها من قبل فعل ماضي قصير.

Examples:

* They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived.
* She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business.
* How long had you been waiting to get on the bus?
* Mike wanted to sit down because he had been standing all day at work.
* James had been teaching at the university for more than a year before he left for Asia.
* A: How long had you been studying Turkish before you moved to Ankara?
B: I had not been studying Turkish very long.



الإستخدام الثاني: سبب شيء حدث في الماضي
USE 2 Cause of Something in the Past



Using the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect.
باستخدام الماضي التام المستمر قبل إجراء آخر في الماضي هو وسيلة جيدة لاظهار السبب والنتيجة.


Examples:

* Jason was tired because he had been jogging.
* Sam gained weight because he had been overeating.
* Betty failed the final test because she had not been attending class.



فيديو


مثال 1



مثال 2 شرح بريطاني



مثال 3
مقارنة بين Past Perfect Simple and Past Perfect Continuous



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الماضي التام المستمر Past Perfect Continuous

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 مواضيع مماثلة

-
» زمن الماضي التام المستمر The Past Perfect Progressive tense
» قواعد الإنجليزية : ( الماضي التــام - past perfect )
» للمبتدئين فى اللغة الانجليزية شرح زمن الماضى التام المستمر
» للمبتدئين فى اللغة الانجليزية شرح زمن المضارع التام المستمر
» قواعد الإنجليزية : ( الماضي المستمر - past continuous )

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